An unconventional fuel is one that cannot be recovered in its natural state by ordinary production methods. Thermal treatment or a diluent is typically required before production can occur. ISCE research in unconventional fuels is focused on liquid fuels from oil shale and oil sands as well as substitute natural gas (SNG) from high carbon content, deep coal resources that are currently known but unrecoverable. New laboratory/field datasets and appropriate simulation tools are needed to better understand the implementation of underground (in situ) thermal treatment processes that could lead to production from these resources. ICSE is ideally located geographically to study these fuels. In addition to coal resources that are currently exploited for power production, Utah has the largest oil sands deposits in the U.S. and oil shale deposits that are second only to Colorado in size.
Unconventional Fuels Project Sites: