ICSE Experimental Facilities
ICSE experimental facilities provide a complete suite of tools for studying combustion processes, aerosol formation, and fires/explosions. A major focus is the coupling of large-scale simulations and experimental work in our industrial-style facilities for both commercial and research purposes. Our facilities include two laboratories, facilities for fuel characterization and by-product formation, and a variety of pilot-scale reactors.
- The combustion laboratories at the University of Utah house a number of laboratory-scale reactors and complementary analytical capabilities.
- The Industrial Combustion and Gasification Research Facility houses our pilot-scale reactors, control systems, and gas and aerosol analyzers.
Fuel Characterization and By-Product Formation
- Liquid- and solid-fuel laminar-flow drop tubes
- Bench-scale fluidized bed combustor
- Inverse diffusion flames
- Two-stage premixed burners
- Single-stage premixed burner
- Wolfhard-Packard style slot burner
- Thermogravimetric lab
- 5 million BTU/hr pulverized coal/multi-fuel furnace
- Pressurized entrained-flow gasifier
- Pressurized fluidized-bed gasifier
- 1 million BTU/hr grate-fired combustor (stoker)
- 250,000 BTU/hr oxyfuel combustor
- 1 million BTU/hr circulating fluidized bed
- Diesel engine test facility
- Large-scale fire facility
- 3 million BTU/hr process heater
- Thermal and catalytic cracker
ICSE has the ability to measure gas- and particle-phase emissions with our mobile laboratory, and we have a history of collecting field data under challenging conditions including the exhaust plumes of rocket motors, F-18 aircraft, and agricultural burns. The mobile laboratory has air conditioning, ample electrical outlets, and a flexible configuration, so that the researchers can collect measurements from a variety of sources and ambient samples.
The mobile lab also has several real-time or near real-time instruments for characterizing particulate matter (PM). We can measure particle size distribution for particles ranging from 7 nm to 10 nm; particle mass of PM10, PM2.5, and PM1; black-carbon content, and particle-bound PAH content. In addition, we can collect a variety of filter and impactor samples for off-line characterization of PM composition. For more complete details on our aerosol characterization capabilities, see our aerosol page.
The mobile lab has several gas-phase analyzers and a Tedlar-bag sampler for collecting gas-phase samples for off-line analysis. The gas-phase analyzers include:
- Total hydrocarbons – VIG Industries FID Model 20
- CO/ CO2 – a California Analytical Nondispersive Infrared (NDIR) analyzer.
- NOx species, specifically NO, NO2 and overall NOx, with a Thermoelectron chemiluminescent analyzer.
- Utah Test and Training Center, UT measured particulate emissions from a Minuteman rocket motor.
- North Island Naval Station, Coronado, CA evaluated the effectiveness of real-time particle characterization instruments for measuring emissions from aircraft engines (S-3 Viking and the F/A-18 Hornet).
- Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base, California Air Resources Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Test Laboratory, and Edwards Air Force Base evaluated the effectiveness of diesel filters for removing particulate emissions from diesel exhaust.
- U.S.-Mexico Border (Calexico/Mexicali and C. Juarez/El Paso) looking for high emitters of PM.
- Imperial Valley, CA: Characterized PM emissions from agricultural burns.